Prerequisite: None
Statistical structures of turbulence; twodimensional flow structures and effect of roughness; measurements of turbulence; threedimensional flow structures driven by turbulence; secondary currents; diffusion and dispersion; turbulence model calculations; Coherent structures; bursting phenomena; large scale vortical motions; physical models of coherent structures; numerical simulations of coherent structures; wave boundary layer.
Text/Reference Books:
 Pope, S. B., Turbulent Flows, Cambridge University Press, UK, 2003.
 Lesieur, M., Turbulence in Fluids, Third Edition, Kluwer Academic Publishers, the Netherlands, 1997.
 Hinze, J. O., Turbulence, An Introduction to Its Mechanism and Theory, McGrawHill, New York, 1959.
 Biswas, G. and Eswaran, V., Turbulent Flows, Fundamentals, Experiments and Modeling, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2002.
 Garde, R. J., Turbulent Flows, Third Edition, New Age Science Limited, New Delhi, 2010.
